Secondly, Meletus accuses Socrates of not believing in any Gods whatsoever. … Socrates argues that if he teaches spiritual things, he must believe in spiritual things, which means he must believe in spirits, and spirits are only of the form of children of Gods and Gods themselves, so Socrates definitely believes in Gods.
Why was Socrates accused of atheism?
Saka has two clauses, both of which are true—Socrates was indeed accused of not believing in the city’s gods, but he himself claimed to believe in them. … In addressing the issue of atheism, Socrates takes care to show that he referred to divinities in his philosophical conversations.
Was Socrates accused of being an atheist?
While Meletus, according Plato, claims at Socrates’ trial that he is an atheist, his indictment does not claim that, but rather that Socrates does not believe in the officially accepted gods of the Athenian state, and that he makes up gods of his own and teaches the youth of Athens to do the same.
What was Socrates falsely accused of?
He was accused of impiety specifically because the Oracle at Delphi said there was no wiser man in Athens then Socrates, and Socrates knew he was not wise. After hearing that, he questioned every man he met to find a wiser man than he.
Did Socrates believe in God or gods?
Socrates: Early Years
Socrates was born and lived nearly his entire life in Athens. … Although he never outright rejected the standard Athenian view of religion, Socrates’ beliefs were nonconformist. He often referred to God rather than the gods, and reported being guided by an inner divine voice.
How does Socrates respond to Meletus accusation that Socrates does not believe in any gods?
Socrates replies to Meletus that, in doing harm to others and hurting all of society, Socrates would thus also be hurting himself, as a member of society. … Socrates then addresses the accusation that he does not believe in the gods sanctioned by the state, assuming that this is the negative influence Meletus refers to.
Why does Socrates not seek sympathy from his jury?
Why doesn’t Socrates try to gain sympathy from his jury? He believes he should only be acquitted on the basis of justice and the law. After being condemned to death, what is Socrates’ prophecy? That killing him will only bring more critics like him.
What God did Socrates believe in?
While to the Athenians gods are human-like and confused, Socrates believes god to be perfectly good and perfectly wise. His god is rationally moral. His god also has a purpose. This purpose is to better men’s souls, to make them become perfectly good, as the god is.
Did Socrates know about God?
Socrates thus continues to contradict himself through his alleged claim to divine wisdom even though he has no sense of God or of death. … Through his outlook, however, he knows nothing of what is in the sky other than his beloved God, who happens to be the truth of good and of divinity.
Did Socrates create gods?
The danger posed by Socrates
In a way, Socrates did fail to acknowledge the gods recognized by the city, he did introduce new gods, and, by teaching these things to the young who gathered around him, he did corrupt them.
Did Socrates believe heaven?
No heaven and hell (in the Medieval sense) in Ancient Greece. See Greek underworld for the original Greek idea of afterlife. No reason to assert that Socrates believed in reincarnation.