Practically, the need for larger churches promoted innovation and the return of Roman techniques like arches and barrel vaults that dispersed weight and allowed for larger, more open structures. Romanesque churches also introduced side chapels for pilgrims, which gave the churches new, elaborate layouts.
What effect did pilgrimages have on church architecture during the Romanesque period?
The pilgrimage church increased the length of the nave and doubled the side aisles.
What special features are specific to pilgrimage churches?
Characteristic of pilgrimage churches are their ambulatories, the hallways and aisles which circulate around the periphery (“ambulatory” means a place to “amble” or walk), and their radiating chapels — small rooms which radiate from the main plan.
Which architectural feature was used in Romanesque churches?
Romanesque churches characteristically incorporated semicircular arches for windows, doors, and arcades; barrel or groin vaults to support the roof of the nave; massive piers and walls, with few windows, to contain the outward thrust of the vaults; side aisles with galleries above them; a large tower over the crossing …
What was significant about the Romanesque pilgrimage churches like?
Romanesque churches were dark. This was in large part because of the use of stone barrel-vault construction. This system provided excellent acoustics and reduced fire danger. However, a barrel vault exerts continuous lateral (outward pressure) all along the walls that support the vault.
How did pilgrimages impact church architecture?
The point was to provide a space for pilgrims to come and worship sacred items, called relics, while not disturbing the main Mass occurring in the center of the church. Overall, these rise in pilgrimages created a boom in architectural innovation that would continue for centuries and inspire many new styles.
What influenced Romanesque architecture?
1070-1170). The most important type of religious art produced during the Middle Ages, Romanesque design was influenced mainly by classical Roman architecture, as well as elements of Byzantine art, and Islamic art.
Why the Church is described as a pilgrim church?
The sense of the church as pilgrim, this notion of a semi-realized eschatology, was bound up with a firm belief that God has a definite purpose for the world and therefore for the church.
How can the church be considered a pilgrim church?
Pilgrimage churches are often located by the graves of saints, or hold portraits to which miraculous properties are ascribed or saintly relics that are safeguarded by the church for their veneration. … Pilgrimage churches were also built at places where miracles took place.
How did pilgrimage churches develop?
For the average European in the twelfth Century, a pilgrimage to the Holy Land of Jerusalem was out of the question—travel to the Middle East was too far, too dangerous and too expensive. … The pious of the Middle Ages wanted to pay homage to holy relics, and pilgrimage churches sprang up along the route to Spain.
How did religious architecture change during the Romanesque period?
While many churches continued to use barrel vaulting, during the Romanesque period, architects developed the ribbed vault, which allowed vaults to be lighter and higher, thus allowing for more windows on the upper level of the structure.
What does Romanesque architecture rely on to support the structure?
Romanesque architecture relies upon its walls, or sections of walls called piers, to bear the load of the structure, rather than using arches, columns, vaults, and other systems to manage the weight. … Romanesque design is also characterized by the presence of arches and openings, arcades, columns, vaults, and roofs.
What was the purpose of Romanesque architecture?
Church buildings, art, and sculpture, were all used for the purpose to spread the Christian Gospel. During this time in Europe there was a very large interest in religion. Large numbers of people traveled on pilgrimages to visit sites of saints and martyrs. People believed that holy relics had the power to do miracles.
Which characteristic typically differentiates a Gothic church from a Romanesque church?
The Gothic architecture made the churches bright, colorful, and soaring. The Romanesque architecture had the characteristics of large, internal spaces, barrel vaults, thick walls, and rounded arches on windows and doors. Gothic architecture has many features like highness, flying buttresses, and vertical lines.