Question: What is the long tall central space of a church or cathedral that is flanked by aisles?

A basilica is a building with a long central aisle, sometimes with a shorter wing crossing it, forming the shape of a cross. The basilica is a church type based on Roman assembly halls, usually composed of a longitudinal nave flanked by side aisles.

What is the central space of a cathedral or basilica called?

In a basilican church (see basilica), which has side aisles, nave refers only to the central aisle. The nave is that part of a church set apart for the laity, as distinguished from the chancel, choir, and presbytery, which are reserved for the choir and clergy.

What part of the church is the passageway around the apse called?

aisle, portion of a church or basilica that parallels or encircles the major sections of the structure, such as the nave, choir, or apse (aisles around the apse are usually called ambulatories).

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What is a nave and transept?

transept, the area of a cruciform church lying at right angles to the principal axis. … The transept itself is sometimes simply called the cross. The nave of a church with a cruciform plan usually extends toward the west from the crossing, the choir and sanctuary toward the east.

What is a Roman basilica?

The term basilica refers to the function of a building as that of a meeting hall. In ancient Rome, basilicas were the site for legal matters to be carried out and a place for business transactions. Architecturally, a basilica typically had a rectangular base that was split into aisles by columns and covered by a roof.

What is the big room in a church called?

The nave is the main part of the church where the congregation (the people who come to worship) sit. The aisles are the sides of the church which may run along the side of the nave. The transept, if there is one, is an area which crosses the nave near the top of the church.

What is the term for the long central space in a Gothic church?

Nave. The long central part of a church, extending from the entrance to the altar, with aisles along the sides; A long hall.

What is the center aisle of a church called?

In a basilican church (see basilica), which has side aisles, nave refers only to the central aisle. … The nave is that part of a church set apart for the laity, as distinguished from the chancel, choir, and presbytery, which are reserved for the choir and clergy.

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Where is the apse located in a church quizlet?

The rounded east end of a Gothic cathedral, including the apse and ambulatory. An aisle encircling the end of the choir or chancel of a church. Also called deambulatory. The part of a church occupied by the singers of a choir, usually part of the chancel.

What is the name of the large semi circular space above the doors of a church it is often filled with images?

A tympanum (plural, tympana; from Greek and Latin words meaning “drum”) is the semi-circular or triangular decorative wall surface over an entrance, door or window, which is bounded by a lintel and an arch. It often contains pedimental sculpture or other imagery or ornaments.

What is the front of a cathedral called?

When you walk through the main front door of the cathedral, generally called the West Door, you enter into the narthex. The narthex is a congregating space, often separated from the main worship area by another set of doors. The narthex has changed quite a bit over the years.

What is the church sanctuary?

In many Western Christian traditions including Catholic, Lutheran, Methodist, and Anglican churches, the area around the altar is called the sanctuary; it is also considered holy because of the belief in the physical presence of God in the Eucharist, both during the Mass and in the church tabernacle at other times.

What is the crossing in a cathedral?

A crossing, in ecclesiastical architecture, is the junction of the four arms of a cruciform (cross-shaped) church.

What is a basilica vs cathedral?

The difference between Basilica and Cathedral is that a Basilica is considered as the higher Church authority and it is divided into Basilicas major and Basilicas minor. A Cathedral is a Church that is run only by the Bishop in an area which comes under the bishop’s jurisdiction.

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How is a basilica different from a church?

A basilica is a church with certain privileges conferred on it by the Pope. Not all churches with “basilica” in their title actually have the ecclesiastical status, which can lead to confusion, since it is also an architectural term for a church-building style. … Such churches are referred to as immemorial basilicas.

What does a basilica look like?

Basilicas are typically rectangular buildings with a central nave flanked by two or more longitudinal aisles, with the roof at two levels, being higher in the centre over the nave to admit a clerestory and lower over the side-aisles.