Matthew the Apostle, or Levi, (flourished 1st century ce, Palestine; Western feast day September 21, Eastern feast day November 16), one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ and the traditional author of the first Synoptic Gospel (the Gospel According to Matthew).
How did Matthew became an apostle?
Matthew, whose father was Alphaeus (Mark 2:14), was named Levi before his call by Jesus. … From that time on, instead of collecting tax money, Matthew collected souls for the kingdom of God. Despite his sinful past, Matthew was uniquely qualified to be a disciple.
What is the difference between an apostle and a disciple?
While a disciple is a student, one who learns from a teacher, an apostle is sent to deliver those teachings to others. “Apostle” means messenger, he who is sent. An apostle is sent to deliver or spread those teachings to others. … We can say that all apostles were disciples but all disciples are not apostles.
When did Jesus call Matthew as an apostle?
The Calling of Matthew is an episode in the life of Jesus which appears in all three synoptic gospels, Matthew 9:9–13, Mark 2:13–17 and Luke 5:27–28, and relates the initial encounter between Jesus and Matthew, the tax collector who became a disciple.
What was Matthew before he became a disciple?
It is believed to have been written by Matthew, one of the original twelve disciples and apostles of Jesus Christ. Before being called to follow Christ, Matthew was a publican, a tax collector for the Roman Empire. … Christ calling him was seen as a sign of the ultimate redemptive power of grace and God’s forgiveness.
Did Matthew write the book of Matthew?
These books are called Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John because they were traditionally thought to have been written by Matthew, a disciple who was a tax collector; John, the “Beloved Disciple” mentioned in the Fourth Gospel; Mark, the secretary of the disciple Peter; and Luke, the traveling companion of Paul.
What was Matthew the Apostle known for?
Matthew authored the first Gospel of the Bible’s New Testament, now known as the Gospel of Matthew. Prior to preaching the word of God, he worked as a tax collector in Capernaum. Matthew is the patron saint of tax collectors and accountants.
What happened to Matthew the disciple?
The Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church each hold the tradition that Matthew died as a martyr, although this was rejected by Heracleon, a Gnostic Christian viewed as a heretic, as early as the second century.
Was Luke a disciple or an apostle?
Luke was a physician and possibly a Gentile. He was not one of the original 12 Apostles but may have been one of the 70 disciples appointed by Jesus (Luke 10). He also may have accompanied St. Paul on his missionary journeys.
Was Paul a disciple or an apostle?
Paul the Apostle ( c. 5 – c. 64/67 AD), commonly known as Saint Paul and also known by his Hebrew name Saul of Tarsus, was a Christian apostle (although not one of the Twelve Apostles) who spread the teachings of Jesus in the first-century world.
Who wrote Matthew?
It has traditionally been attributed to St. Matthew the Evangelist, one of the 12 Apostles, described in the text as a tax collector (10:3). The Gospel According to Matthew was composed in Greek, probably sometime after 70 ce, with evident dependence on the earlier Gospel According to Mark.
What is the 12 disciples name?
When morning came, he called his disciples to him and chose twelve of them, whom he also designated apostles: Simon (whom he named Peter), his brother Andrew, James, John, Philip, Bartholomew, Matthew, Thomas, James son of Alphaeus, Simon who was called the Zealot, Judas son of James, and Judas Iscariot, who became a …
What was Matthew’s original name?
It was the first of the three to be installed in the chapel, in July 1600. The painting shows the martyrdom of Saint Matthew the Evangelist, author of the Gospel of Matthew. According to tradition, the saint was killed on the orders of the king of Ethiopia while celebrating Mass at the altar.
Who did Matthew write his gospel for?
Who was Matthew writing for? Matthew’s gospel is clearly written for a Jewish Christian audience living within the immediate proximity of the homeland itself. Matthew’s is the most Jewish of all the gospels.