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The sine of one of the angles of a right triangle (often abbreviated “sin”) is the ratio of the length of the side of the triangle opposite the angle to the length of the triangle’s hypotenuse.

## What is sin and cos in math?

Sine and cosine — a.k.a., sin(θ) and cos(θ) — are functions revealing the shape of a right triangle. Looking out from a vertex with angle θ, sin(θ) is the ratio of the opposite side to the hypotenuse , while cos(θ) is the ratio of the adjacent side to the hypotenuse .

## What is sine θ?

In the context of a right angle, the sine function, written as sinθ is equal to the division of the opposite side of the reference angle (θ) by the hypotenuse, or long side, of the triangle. sinθ=oppositehypotenuse.

## What is the sin value?

As can be seen from the figure, sine has a value of 0 at 0° and a value of 1 at 90°. Cosine follows the opposite pattern; this is because sine and cosine are cofunctions (described later). The other commonly used angles are 30° ( ), 45° ( ), 60° ( ) and their respective multiples.

## How is sin calculated?

Sine (sin) function – Trigonometry. In a right triangle, the sine of an angle is the length of the opposite side divided by the length of the hypotenuse. … In any right triangle, the sine of an angle x is the length of the opposite side (O) divided by the length of the hypotenuse (H).

## What is cosine math?

The cosine (often abbreviated “cos”) is the ratio of the length of the side adjacent to the angle to the length of the hypotenuse. And the tangent (often abbreviated “tan”) is the ratio of the length of the side opposite the angle to the length of the side adjacent.

## Why is cosine called cosine?

The word “sine” (Latin “sinus”) comes from a Latin mistranslation by Robert of Chester of the Arabic jiba, which is a transliteration of the Sanskrit word for half the chord, jya-ardha. The word “cosine” derives from a contraction of the Medieval Latin “complementi sinus”.

## How do you write Cosecant?

Cosecant (csc) – Trigonometry function

In a right triangle, the cosecant of an angle is the length of the hypotenuse divided by the length of the opposite side. In a formula, it is abbreviated to just ‘csc’.

## What is sin and cos and tan?

Sin is equal to the side opposite the angle that you are conducting the functions on over the hypotenuse which is the longest side in the triangle. Cos is adjacent over hypotenuse. And tan is opposite over adjacent, which means tan is sin/cos.

## What is sin of in degrees?

Use this sin calculator to easily calculate the sine of an angle given in degrees or radians.

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Applications of the sine function.

x (°) | x (rad.) | sine(x) |
---|---|---|

0° | ||

30° | π/6 | 0.50 |

45° | π/4 | 0.707107 |

60° | π/3 | 0.866025 |